Windows 2008 Server Core Facts…

Server core is a minimal server installation option which provides a low-maintenance version of Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2008 R2. Be aware of the following when using server core:

  • The server core interface has limited GUI  support, with most tasks being performed   only from a command prompt.
  • You can only perform a clean installation  of server core; you cannot upgrade to or   from server core.
  • Server core can only run a limited set of server roles:
    • Active Directory
    • Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services     (AD LDS)
    • Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)
    • Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)     Server
    • DNS Server
    • File Server
    • File Server Resource Manager of the File Services role (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)
    • Print Server
    • Media Services
    • Web Server (IIS): Subset of ASP.NET (Limited to Windows Server 2008 R2)
  • Features currently available in Windows Server 2008 R2 server core include:
    • .NET Framework
      • A subset of .NET Framework 2.0
      • A subset of .NET Framework 3.0
      • A subset of .NET Framework 3.5
    • Windows PowerShell
    • Windows-on-Windows 64-bit (WoW64)
  • To manage a server core system:
    • Log on and use the command prompt.
    • Log on using Remote Desktop to gain access to the command prompt.
    • Use Windows Remote Shell (winrm).
    • Run Server Manager or another tool on another computer and connect to the server core  system.     This method allows you to use a GUI interface for managing the server core system.
  • Run oclist to see a list of roles, role services, and  features that can be installed on server   core.
  • Run start /w ocsetup to add server roles to the server core system.  Switches for the role or service must be   typed exactly as they are listed, and role names are case-sensitive.
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